According to scientists on Earth, there are about 390 thousand different types of plants. But ordinary people are not interested in them. Moreover, they don't know what some of them deadly. But these plants can be found even in the city Park, where usually visit the parents with children. You can find them on lawns, in places where so like to go to spend the small and large cities. Nature has tried and awarded plants protection. Deadly poisons, sharp spikes can cause substantial harm to the human or animal body. If you are often out of town, love the outdoors, even if you just regularly bring his dog on a walk, you need to know the enemy in the face. Having spent very little time studying dangerous plants, you can protect yourself and your loved ones.
10. Larkspur (delphinium)
Plant height can vary from 10 centimeters to 3 meters, depending on species. Delphinium blooms are very beautiful, so attracts the attention of insects. People also do not assume that the plant is dangerous for life, therefore often suffer after meeting him. Juice and pollen cause irritation of the skin, so it is best to avoid contact with the plant. If you use it in food, the consequences can be very tragic. There are cases of poisoning of cattle, sheep and cows died after drinking plant food. Larkspur used in folk medicine, but you need to be very careful to observe the dose and generally better not to self-medicate. In cases of poisoning by Larkspur vomiting and nausea, excessive salivation, cramps. In severe cases, can occur with respiratory paralysis.
Beautiful name, tender and soft. Appearance it also does not cause fears: small plant, tiny yellow flowers. However, the name of the flower came from word "fierce", so it called for a strong poison, corrosive skin. Buttercup can be found anywhere: meadows, roadsides, parks. The plant is able to allocate the acrid volatile matter. They cause eye irritation, tears. For a while the person loses the ability to see. So the plant is also called "night blindness". If you eat at least a small piece of this plant will start vomiting, pain and abdominal cramps. In contact with Buttercup on the skin formed blisters and boils.
8. Chamber (sleep-grass)
The cross also belongs to the family Ranunculaceae, but that habitat was not as extensive. They grow in pine forests, Sunny glades. This plant also attracts the attention of beautiful flowers violet color. If you touch the plant, you are guaranteed the inflammation of the skin, mucous membranes. Before the cross was widely used in folk medicine. It was used as a sedative. If it is wrong to calculate the dose, you can die. Convulsions, increased salivation, pressure drop, rash, blurred consciousness – typical signs of toxicity to the sleep-grass.
7. Poison ivy
Beautiful climber with bright green glossy leaves and attracts people, you want to touch him. In Russia it is not common, there are only two species that grow in the Southern Kuriles. Poison ivy grows in North America. The plant secretes a SAP that causes burns. It contains different toxic substances that can cause metabolic disorders. When ingested in food is a strong poisoning. Signs similar to symptoms of poisonings with other dangerous plants.
6. Cow Parsnip Sosnowski
This plant, probably, know all. It spreads quickly and is dangerous to humans and animals. Its juice contains furocoumarins, substances that aktiviziruyutsya under the action of sunlight. People may not even notice that the juice got on his skin. But when exposed to ultraviolet light will appear on the skin severe burns, blisters. If the juice of Hogweed in your eye, a person can go blind. In contact with mucous membranes ulcers, burning. Avoid contact with cow parsnip, and if, nevertheless, this was not possible, close the skin from the sun, and then rinse it with water.
5. Fraxinella (burning Bush)
Showy plant, high with multiple inflorescences. Its habitat is the South of the European part, Siberia and the Caucasus. When contacted the person won't feel anything, but after a while formed a burn. The skin will turn red, begin itching, blisters. After the burn will take place, will remain on the skin scars and spots. These burns are compared with the chemical second-degree burns, the healing process is very long. Fraxinella is dangerous only in Sunny weather. A plant produces essential oils, inhaling them is fraught with severe headache.
4. Castor common
This plant is a jewel of many suburban areas and gardens. In height it reaches 3 meters, has a large shiny and beautiful leaves. The plant is used in folk medicine. Also the common castor-oil plant is the source of castor oil. However, the plant is not harmless, it contains ricin and ricinin. The first toxic substance contained in the seeds of the plant, the second – in all other parts. Ricinin more toxic than potassium cyanide, so if you eat plant food, you can get serious health problems, even death. Substances able to stop protein synthesis, they freely enter the body, begins the self-destruction of cells. Hit him in the gastro-intestinal tract faces defeat mucous membranes. When injected into the blood circulation occurs. These effects are even when inhaling the dust of castor beans ordinary.
3. Parsnip meadow
This plant is not very beautiful. High, reaches up to 1.5 meters in height, its flowers are small, pale yellow. It has the same effect as cow parsnip. The plant contains a dangerous substance is psoralen. On the burn through the day under the action of ultraviolet rays blisters filled with fluid. They are very long time to heal and leave scars. The peak of the danger plants the time of flowering. Parsnip meadow blooms in July and August.
Varieties of spurge very much, so their appearance is different from each other. But this plant is very dangerous, it contains toxic substances. Despite this, the milkweed grow even at home. That's just most people don't realize that the plant may harm the health. As soon as the juice gets on the mucous membranes or the skin will start to show signs of burn. The skin will turn red, starts irritation, itching. In case of contact with eyes guaranteed swelling of the eyelids and a burning pain. In severe cases the person may lose vision. In cases of poisoning usually begins vomiting, diarrhea, weak pulse, dizziness. Euphorbia is very dangerous for people prone to allergies.
1. Poison oak
A beautiful plant with bright green glossy leaves. It grows mainly in North and South America. Leaves and stem contain oil urushiol, which causes severe irritation of skin and mucous membranes. In addition, this substance is poison oak secretes into the air. People who are prone to allergic reactions, it is very hard to tolerate meeting with poison oak. In fact, he is not a tree, is a shrub. So he called for the leaves, which in appearance is very similar to oak leaves.