The person often begins to pay attention to the nails only at the moment when the spoils of their aesthetic appearance. There were striations, stratified plate or dark – we immediately run to the manicurist to hide a defect, but in fact it is necessary to pay attention to these symptoms and understand what was going wrong with our bodies. The nails like our skin, language and other "detectors" that indicate latent diseases and other pathological processes. Experts only in their form, texture, color and inclusions can diagnose a particular disease, which often directly has nothing to do with the nail plate. For example, patients nails with unnatural surface may indicate endocrine disease (including diabetes), autoimmune processes, disease of the lungs and heart, anemia and even cancer.
If you notice a significant change in the nail plate (e.g., discoloration, deformation, delamination, thinning, and blackening, etc.), it is necessary as soon as possible to get on reception to the dermatologist. And we'll show you which 10 changes of the nail can indicate pathological processes in the body.
10. Lokomedia nails
This pathology is called "spoon nail" and implies a deformation of the nail so that the center of the plate as if to bend inward, and the edges thus turned up. As a rule, a person defect does not cause discomfort, and even visually nails look healthy (smooth, pink, glossy). The question is only about aesthetics? Or...the pathology Often indicates a chronic iron deficiency, and endocrine disorder, trauma region, the contact of the brushes with chemicals. Sometimes lokomedia nails are the result of genetic mutations that are inherited.
9. Deeper point
Externally, the surface shape, color and texture is no different. Upon closer inspection, people can see tiny dimples, as if the plate is poked with a needle. In medicine pathology even got an appropriate name – naperstkovidnym istinnost. Unfortunately, the disease appears for a reason and almost always indicates the presence of psoriasis. In other cases, the same symptom is accompanied by eczema of the skin, as well as arthritis of the joints. Look at additional symptoms characteristic of these diseases, and don't forget to contact the local doctor.
8. Drum sticks
Do not be surprised – the nail plate is in the "Hippocratic fingers" is so compacted that the thickness coincides with the hour glass. In profile it is noted that the angle between the rear platen and the nail reaches a value of more than 180º. This symptom always indicates a severe pathology: the lungs (cancer, tuberculosis, etc.), cardiovascular system (endocarditis, defects, deficiency), gastrointestinal tract (Crohn's disease, gastritis, peptic ulcer or spastic colitis), etc. in order to grow healthy nails you have to first treat the main systemic diseases.
7. Excessive breakage
In the case when nails break, barely reaching the edge of the finger, you can safely go to the pharmacy for vitamins. Deficiency of ascorbic acid, as well as the "beauty vitamin" A and E, our skin, hair and nails begin to suffer in the first place. Also brittleness can cause a lack of trace elements such as zinc and iron. A little less stratification and brittle nails are the result of disorders of the thyroid gland and one of the first harbingers of diabetes.
6. Detachment of the nail
Delamination is the loss of connection plate and nail bed, resulting in a void. The nail may fade and change the shade. Onycholysis (the medical name of disease) in 60% of cases develops on the background of trauma. For example, you hit the nail with a heavy object or slammed a door, causing the vessels stabilise, and the food plate was broken. Against this background, changes the flexibility and elasticity of the nail, its molecular composition. One third of cases of onycholysis have fungal and Allergy. And 10% of cases arise on a background system of other somatic pathologies. Keep in mind that when detachment of the damaged finger is exposed to infection, so you should as soon as possible to apply a healing, anti-inflammatory and antifungal topical preparations.
5. Transverse grooves
This visual defect also has a name – the line Bo. As a rule, the depth of these lines does not exceed 1 mm. they Appear on the physical damage of the nail surface (the blow fell on the area of the hole), and also in case of power shortage region (the result of strict diets, fasts, fasting, etc.). In other cases, the grooves have a toxic nature, for example, when the body was influenced by powerful medication, was applied chemotherapy. Line Bo also can be a symptom of pathologies of the heart and blood vessels, fungal infections.
4. White spots
Leukonychia occurs when thin layers of the nail are formed of microscopic air bubbles. Externally, people said stripes and white dots on the nail, just knowing that the cause is a vitamin deficiency. In fact, the white spots may occur on the background of injuries, metabolic disorders, CNS exhaustion, and even failure of the heart muscle. People white spots on the nail is a good sign but we still suggest you to consult a doctor as soon as possible, even if the nails appeared all couple of spots.
3. Half and half
A rare syndrome accompanied by changes in nail color, when one half (closer to the base) becomes white, and the other (the one near the tip) – brown. The doctors are unsure about the origin of this pathology, but one of the common causes is kidney failure until failure. Against the background of major changes in the body under the nails appear more vascular plexus, which Shine "brown" across the plate. Also staining-half nails seen in patients after chemotherapy, in HIV-positive patients.
2. Longitudinal grooves
In patients under 50 years of vertical grooves on the nails indicate a deficiency of micronutrients (magnesium, zinc, iron and others) and vitamins of group B. Sometimes they occur after a failed build, poor manicure: cuticles pushed back, breaking the power of the nail, sepilok or compression of the damaged roots. In this case, the nail notes several longitudinal grooves. If they cover more than a quarter of the nails and apply, it is necessary to look for diseases of the internal organs (first of all, explore the digestive tract, blood vessels and heart). For elderly patients after 50 protruding strips can be the norm.
1. A single dark line
Is the result of a disruption of the digestive tract, vitamin deficiency, and after injury in the region of the nail. It is interesting that some peoples of the black bands on the nails is an element of the natural pigmentation. If the nail turned black for no objective reason, you should consult a dermatologist, as this pathology may be specified on a strong fungal infection and sometimes on melanoma (skin cancer).
Nails are a valuable tool in the detection of hidden pathological processes in the body. Therefore, do not mask existing problems and treat them from specialized doctors.